Austria′s most famous wine growing region in the narrow Danube valley is a World Heritage site and offers perfect conditions for world-class GrÃ¼ner Veltliner and Riesling. The regional winemakers association Vinea Wachau established the wine categories of Steinfeder
for light, medium and full-bodied wines.
The Wachau, one of Austria′s most fascinating wine-growing areas, certainly boasts an exciting history. In the post-glacial period, silt sediments were deposited on the mountains, something that, in turn, resulted in the loess soils as well as steep slopes of "GfÃ¶hler" gneiss found today. The Danube river made its contribution by depositing sand, gravel and loess onto the flat vineyard areas. Together, these geological conditions, along with the man-made stone terraces that help facilitate cultivation - despite the steepness of the terrain - are typical of the Wachau landscape.
Climatically, two strong, complementary influences converge here: the Western Atlantic and the Eastern Pannonian conditions. However, there are also different microclimates at work, and these depend on the inclination of the slopes, the weather and site conditions, and even the existence of walls and rocks which store warmth. Hot, dry summers and cold winters are counterbalanced by the large water surface of the Danube. Cold down-slope winds originating in the northern Weinviertel area cause extensive differences between day and night time temperatures, especially in the months prior to the harvest. In particular, the interaction of weather conditions between the cool Spitzer Graben valley and the warm Loibenberg helps to generate a complexity of aromas in the grapes. This complexity is revealed in the wines as cool fruit with hints of the exotic: from sleek Steinfeder and elegant Federspiel to noble Smaragd.